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Mayfield Church, dedicated to St John the Baptist, is a medieval Gothic structure, with a strong and lofty tower, and was rebuilt by T Rolleston, in 1616, as appears from an inscription above the arched entrance at the west end. It is actually located just across the River Dove border into Staffordshire. Mayfield can also rightly claim a small niche in history, for it was here, on 7 December 1745 that the army of Bonnie Prince Charlie passed on its retreat from Derby and terrorised the local population. Some of the Young Pretender's troops shot the innkeeper at Hanging Bridge as well as a certain Mr Humphrey Brown who refused to hand over his horse to them. Many of the villagers took refuge in the church, locking themselves in behind the west door. The Scottish soldiers contented themselves by firing shots through the door and their bullet holes can still be seen in the woodwork. Another point of interest is that Mayfield was the home of Thomas Moore - a close friend of the poet Byron, who visited regularly. In fact, one of Byrons young daughters is buried in the churchyard - she died whilst on a visit here.